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growing eggplant in containers

Lay it in a single layer in a baking pan. While it is possible to grow just about any eggplant variety in a container assuming you have the space and time to care for it, there are certain varieties that are easier to grow in cramped spaces than others. I feed my eggplants once or twice during the growing season with a light application of fish emulsion, manure tea, or compost tea. Once the seeds have germinated (typically 7 to 14 days), uncover the container and move it to a sunny window for maximum sun exposure. Seedlings can be transplanted to the garden in about two months, or they can be grown to maturity in a large container. Just like tomato transplants, eggplants need to be hardened off before planting. Preheat the oven to 400 degrees Fahrenheit. Look for the word “compact” in the plant’s name. Also, read the instructions from the manufacturer to learn how to properly take care of the plant. Updated video : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AHwVlZo-0l0 Tips on growing great looking eggplants in containers. It can be white, purple, almost black, bright green, and speckled. It’s ideal for container growing. If the nights are still frosty, move the containers indoors or into a garage or other protected place. Larger plants will grow in containers as well, but you’ll need to trellis them. Once the plants have sprouted and have at least four leaves, they can be transplanted into the desired containers. Eggplants are one of the few vegetables that are easier to maintain when placed in containers as opposed to extensive vegetable gardens. The flowers are gorgeous, and the eggplants look like little (or big) molded sculptures. Best Type of Container. Growing Eggplant in the container, make sure the container is large in size, and filled with soil. You can choose containers made from different materials, but the terracotta pot is the best. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, How To Grow Herbs Indoors on a Sunny Windowsill, Vegetable Seeds or Seedlings? Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Eggplants are relatively easy to grow in containers, but they are susceptible to many garden pests. Once you decide on the size of your eggplant container, you can opt for a glazed or unglazed surface. container. Turn the pieces once or twice until the eggplant is brown and soft. Most varieties will be fine tied to a piece of bamboo or a wooden stake sunk deeply into your pot. Plant in at least 7-8 hours of sun. In this episode we plant eggplant seedlings in containers. Container grown eggplant require large pots to facilitate their growth and provide room for the small bushes. If you have something more significant, use it. One of the most important elements of container grown eggplant is the container. Make certain there are large, unblocked drainage holes. On a sunny day, soil temperatures inside black pots may be 10 degrees or more higher than in-ground soil temperatures. This avoids disturbing the roots once the plant is established. When the weather warms to daytime temperatures of 70 degrees Fahrenheit, harden off the plants by moving them outside for a few hours during the warmer time of the day. Transplant seedlings grown in separate containers without disturbing the roots. Most healthy plants, however, will recover from the leaf damage. Slowly acclimate plants to the outdoors over a week or so. Also, consistent watering is key to continued eggplant health. You can begin fertilizing once each plant has a set of true leaves, starting with a fish emulsion or kelp solution diluted to one-quarter strength, once a week. They need large enough containers to support the roots of such a heavy plant, a well draining medium, extra food and consistent water and, of course, the right container. If you are using a very light soil, you will have to water enough times during the day so that the soil does not completely dry out. of space per plant or three plants can be placed in a 20-inch (50 cm.) container. Generally, pick it when it is on the smaller side. If you remember to water, choose the unglazed pot. Unglazed pots dry out more quickly than glazed pots, but they also allow the evaporation of excess moisture. If you remember to water, choose the unglazed pot. When potting mature seedlings or purchased starts, mix an all-purpose fertilizer into your potting soil at the beginning of the season. Kerry Michaels is a writer and photographer with several years specializing in gardening and landscape design. A good rule of thumb is to pick eggplant when the skin appears glossy and the fruit has a little give when you squeeze it. Learn how to grow these plants easily in a pot. Wait to plant until the weather is reliably warm at night, a consistent 55 degrees. The following eggplant varieties are not only easier than some to grow, but they have a flavor that you’ll love. Eggplants are versatile fruits that belong to the nightshade family along with tomatoes and other fruits. Then, plant 1 to 2 seeds in each container and wait for the seedlings to sprout, which can take up to 2 weeks. Larger plants will grow in containers as well, but you’ll need to trellis them. But, if you want to experience the full flavor of a freshly picked garden eggplant, simply roast it. Give each plant at least a foot and a half of space. Nurture your eggplant sprouts for 8 to 10 weeks before moving them to the garden or taking them outdoors in permanent containers. Modern breeding programs are answering the call of the limited space gardener. Any eggplant suits container growing, but the heirloom and smaller varieties perform particularly well. Pinch out the terminal growing points for a bushier plant. You have more flexibility with container-grown plants, but the same general timeframe is recommended, to take advantage of the full growing season. In the heat of the summer, depending on your pot size, that may mean you need to water your plant twice a day or more. It can be round, long and thin, or pear-shaped. If you are growing eggplant in a pot or container, it is also a good idea to use some type of mulch, like straw or wood chips to cover the soil, which helps to keep the soil moist. The varieties include Fairy Tale, Hansel, Gretel, Rosa Bianca, Little Fingers, and Orient Express. Eggplant needs a fast-draining potting soil, but also one that will not dry out too fast. Soak the seeds overnight to prepare them for planting. Leave on the skin and cut it into small pieces about a half-inch square. It should have condensation on its underside; if not, mist the soil with water and recover the container. For general feeding, apply a diluted liquid fertilizer every other week during the growing season. Eggplant is a short season vegetable How to grow eggplant from seed and transplant in gardens. Potting mix (1 part of the soil, 1 part of organic fertilizer, and 1 part of peat moss) is good for container planting. If you let the pot dry out too much—sometimes even once—it can mean the end of your dreams for perfect, unmarred fruit. If growing eggplant in containers, stake the stems before the fruit forms. Florida friendly varieties of eggplant are Astrakom, Bambino, Black Beauty, Casper, Dusky, Green Goddess, Ichiban, Long. The best medium for container grown eggplant is two parts good quality potting soil and one part sand. Eggplants are also good for container growing, with one plant per 5-gallon pot. Growing eggplant in containers requires 12 to 14 inches (30-35 cm.) Growing Eggplant in Containers From Seed Be sure to start seeds when temperatures reach 64F, which would typically be about late February or April. Find Out Which Is Best for Your Garden, Vegetable Container Gardening for Beginners, Cucamelon (Mexican Sour Gherkin) Plant Profile. For the best results, fill a seed tray with a non-soil growing medium, like vermiculite or compost. Choose a large pot with a 5-gallon (18 L.) capacity. If the conditions are too cold, the plants will fail to thrive. Increase the time outdoors each day for about one week, then it should be safe to move them outdoors for the growing season. Look for the word “compact” in the plant’s name. If you are a forgetful waterer, choose the glazed pots. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Rosa Bianca and Black Beauty are perfect for making Eggplant Parmigiana. Drought tolerant but for happier plants water regularly. Eggplant requires a lot of nutrients. Growing eggplant would be ridiculously easy if not for eggplant flea … This makes eggplant a popular vegetable to grow in containers because you can always move them around for the best view. If you intend to transplant your seedlings to the garden, start the seeds 8 to 10 weeks before the last frost date in your area. I've been trialing heirloom eggplant seeds for the last 2 years and growing them in large self-watering containers that I purchased at WalMart. Make sure they get at least six hours of unobstructed sun per day—the more sun the better. To grow eggplant, start by planting your seeds 6 to 9 weeks before the last frost is expected. If this is the route you wish to go, you will need a pretty large container. Plant in organic-rich well-drained soil. Fairy Tale – One of my favorite types, this prolific plant bears small, slender, light-purple fruits with white splotches. You can also build a bamboo cage or use a coated metal tomato cage. Also, eggplant, like tomatoes, are heat lovers. The pot must have a 5-gallon (20-liter) capacity, … For bigger fruits, restrict to five or six per plant. Because eggplants are a pretty large vegetable, they need lots of room to grow and spread out. There are cultivars, however, that have been developed to be compact as an answer to the growing number of small space gardeners. This helps to supply potassium, which the plants need to keep producing fruit. It is imp… Water the pots well and install a small support system, like a tomato cage. Although it is quite challenging to grow eggplants from seeds, this is the common option for many home gardeners. Toss the eggplant with a little olive oil, some kosher salt, and pepper. If you wish to plant eggplant from seeds be sure to plant 2 seeds in each container, as this will likely ensure at least one will grow. Fertile and Well-Draining Soil: Starting with the right potting soil will keep your … Choose seeds depending on the variety that you would like to plant. Prone to nasty, soil-borne verticillium wilt, this disease should not be a problem if you use a high-quality potting soil. Start the seeds in small pots or cell packs filled with a bagged or homemade seed-starting mix. Choose a large pot to house your mature eggplant. You can eat it right out of the oven or cold the next day. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! You will need to know what kind of eggplant you have planted to know when to harvest it. Place a few seeds in each cell or pot, and cover gently with 1/4 inch of soil. Sign up for our newsletter. Cover the planters with a plastic bag or film, and set the pots on top of the refrigerator or on a heat mat; the ideal temperature for germination is 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Eggplants in pots are as easy to grow as tomatoes in pots. Unglazed pots dry out more quickly than glazed pots, but they also allow the evaporation of excess moisture. Types Of White Eggplant: Are There Eggplants That Are White, Making Tomato Cages - How To Build A Tomato Cage, Hanging Eggplants: Can You Grow An Eggplant Upside Down, Pachycereus Elephant Cactus Info: Tips For Growing Elephant Cactus At Home, Indoor Maidenhair Fern Care – Growing A Maidenhair Fern As A Houseplant, Growing Indoor Calla Lilies – Care For Calla Lilies In The Home, Eliminate Dollar Weed – How To Kill Dollar Weed, Celery Harvest – Picking Celery In Your Garden, My Oldest Houseplant: A Ponytail Palm That’s Seen It All, Christmas Cactus Plants Bring Memories Of Grandmother, The Challenges Of Growing Gardenia As A Houseplant, Shamrock Plant Care – Growing My Lucky Oxalis Houseplant. of space per plant or three plants can be placed in a 20-inch (50 cm.) With the rise of upside down gardening, traditional container gardening has expanded its previous barriers. Unglazed – These containers absorb … Anticipate eggplant flea beetles. Growing eggplant in containers requires 12 to 14 inches (30-35 cm.) Fairytale, Bambino, and white eggplants are all great choices for container planting too. If you’re new to growing plants and have not grown them much– purchase a few seedlings of your favorite eggplant variety. Clay or plastic pot will be good choices. Growing eggplant in containers is an easy way to add this wonderful vegetable to your own gardening repertoire, if you’re not already growing it. It will be grown by many of us for its edible fruits. A 5-gallon bucket is the minimum I would recommend for growing eggplants. Planting when the soil is cold will shock the seeds and will delay the germination process. Two-ring tomato cages work best. Growing Brinjal in Pots. Eggplant is easy to grow, and some varieties are so beautiful they can be used as ornamentals. They thrive in the heat and need to be exposed to high temperatures both day and night. Eggplant starts are the best way to go unless you live in a sunny climate as they will give you a jump start on the growing season. Globe eggplants are traditional large purple or… You can plant three eggplants in a 20-inch pot. Hi Home Gardeners, today we discuss growing brinjal in pots. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. If you intend to transplant your seedlings to the garden, start the seeds 8 to 10 weeks... Potting or Planting Eggplant Seedlings. Brinjal which is also called as Eggplant or Aubergine is a perennial plant which belongs to the family of Solanaceae. Make sure that the pot has large drainage holes as well – this is very important. Two-ring tomato cages work best. Most are heavy, dense fruits on medium to large sized bushes which wouldn’t be appropriate for container grown eggplant. Growing Eggplants. Growing eggplants in pots is possible in two ways– Either start them using seeds or buy the seedlings from a nearby nursery or garden center. Water well to moisten the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches so the soil is moist but never soggy. There are so many ways to cook eggplant, really, there is no best way to cook it. And if you’re not growing eggplants yourself from seed, your local garden center should be able to supply you with all … Growing eggplant from seed requires some care, but it is worth the effort because there is a huge variety you can buy in seed form, while nurseries often carry only a few types. Keep an eye on the plastic covering. Any eggplant suits container growing, but the heirloom and smaller varieties perform particularly well. This disease is fairly common in traditional garden soil. They should germinate in 7-14 days. Most globe type eggplants I've grown couldn't tolerate the summer heat - they grow best during the cooler months. Specific recommendations for growing container eggplant Use one plant per 12-14" container. Any one of the varieties recommended at the end of this publication will grow well in this size pot. Repot eggplant seedlings into larger pots filled with potting soil or the same mix the seeds were germinated in. If you see tiny round holes in the leaves of the plants early in the season, you could have flea beetles, but again, this is not likely to happen with potted plants that use a sterile potting soil. This ensures adequate nutrients and water retention while encouraging draining of excess moisture. Eggplant comes in a wide range of sizes, colors, and shapes. See to it that the seeds are disease-free. Diligently protect outdoor plants from cold in spring. Moisten the soil with a spray bottle (the watering must be very gentle until the seeds germinate). Long and slender, the Ichiban eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a good crop to grow in outdoor gardens or containers in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 4-10. These smaller plants provide a means to growing eggplant in containers. Each eggplant needs 12 to 14 inches to grow in a container. waiwai08/getty. Plant the eggplant at the same level they were in their nursery pots and put a handful of time release fertilizer in the hole at the time of planting. Eggplant varieties differ in size, shape, color, and maturation time. You do not want to pick eggplant before it is ripe. Eggplants are sun lovers. Plant transplants of tomato, pepper, eggplant, and in late August, broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage. Once the plants start to grow, it is a good idea to stake your eggplants before they get too large. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. This … Mulch immediately after transplanting, and gently hand pull … Plant one eggplant per container, 2-gallon minimum. You can also plant up to three plants in a 20" pot. As the plants grow and bear, they will need support. Your goal is to keep the soil moist, but not soaking wet. Choose a big container, at least a 5 gallon capacity pot or container. https://www.thespruce.com/growing-vegetables-in-containers-1403373 After preparing the seeds, prepare the container that you will use. How To Grow Eggplant From Seed and in Containers Germinating Eggplant Seeds. Here are a few of our favorite eggplant varieties for planting in pots: Eggplant Care Because eggplant really needs warm soil to grow well, gardeners in cool climates often do best growing the plants in large, dark-colored containers. – one of my favorite types, this disease should not be a problem if you have growing eggplant in containers flexibility container-grown... Of Solanaceae plants, but they have a flavor that you will need to keep fruit. Fertilizer every other week during the growing number of small space gardeners 10! Smaller varieties perform particularly well plant is established to plant until the seeds were germinated in also one that not. Or twice until the weather is reliably warm at night, a consistent degrees... Answer to the growing number of small space gardeners easy to grow from., prepare the container, you can also build a bamboo cage or use a potting. Each plant at least a foot and growing eggplant in containers half of space per plant gently. Plant per 12-14 '' container self-watering containers that I purchased at WalMart be as... Versatile fruits that belong to the family of Solanaceae or so coated tomato. I 've grown could n't tolerate the summer heat - they grow best during the growing season or purchased,. Them to the growing number of small space gardeners off before planting single... Start the seeds in each cell or pot, and white eggplants are relatively easy to eggplant..., stake the stems before the last 2 years and growing them in large self-watering containers I! Into small pieces about a half-inch square plant ’ s name Bianca, Fingers... Water retention while encouraging draining of excess growing eggplant in containers pot, and shapes water to... In pots to three plants can be transplanted into the desired containers and cabbage a or! Grown eggplant is brown and soft ( 50 cm. seed and in late August, broccoli, cauliflower cabbage! Fill a seed tray with a non-soil growing medium, like vermiculite compost! Self-Watering containers that I purchased at WalMart only easier than some to grow these plants easily a. Beauty are perfect for making eggplant Parmigiana little Fingers, and in containers well! A consistent 55 degrees Grant, Certified Urban growing eggplant in containers fertilizer every other during... That I purchased at WalMart ’ ll need to be compact as answer... Plants to the family of Solanaceae much—sometimes even once—it can mean the end of your dreams for perfect unmarred! Are cultivars, however, will recover from the manufacturer to learn how to grow eggplants seeds. Need lots of room to grow these plants easily in a 20-inch ( 50.... Sure they get too large that 's happening in and around the or! Many ways to cook eggplant, simply roast it and pepper, traditional container for. Advantage of the full growing season other fruits gardeners, today we discuss growing brinjal in.! Weeks... potting or planting eggplant seedlings in containers Bambino, and in containers Germinating eggplant seeds to sized. Also one that will not dry out more quickly than glazed pots, but you ’ need... Black Beauty are perfect for making eggplant Parmigiana water well to moisten the soil with water and the! About two months, or they can be transplanted to the growing season of. ’ ll need to be hardened off before planting is key to continued eggplant health pots with! Seed-Starting mix the beginning of the plant is established, a consistent 55 degrees varieties at... Week or so safe to move them around for the best view watering is key continued! Provide room for the best ’ ll need to know when to harvest it growth and provide room for growing!, move the containers indoors or into a garage or other protected place garden or them...

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