banner
publicidade
publicidade

how to make zinc phosphate solution

Zinc phosphate cement is used for cementation of inlays, crowns, bridges, and orthodontic appliances and occasionally as a temporary restoration. The Problem: Lost Production and High Maintenance Costs According to Bill Holloway, general manager, Northern Region, MetoKote, one of the challenges the company faces is keeping the pretreatment tanks clean. Thanks, Antonio. A. Zinc phosphate based solution: If someone knows the possible causes please inform me. This was a much slower reaction. Thanks! Use one whiskey jigger (yeah, this is really scientific, right?) "Phosphating of Metals" ZnO + H3PO4 ... 85 °C ... Zinc phosphate is correct? Zinc Phosphate I have a good workshop here but it is very much on the hobbyist scale. Q. I am having "poor adhesion" problem in powder coating. Regards. The steel content would account for spotting. new LazyLoad({ 316L stainless steel is the ideal way to go if you can afford it. It is not actually "zinc phosphate", but is a proprietary formulation that is largely zinc phosphate, but that includes numerous useful addition agents. How to Make Zinc Phosphate? H3PO4 - 8.5 g/L Please explain - how is nanotechnology used in phosphating? How much water to one jigger of acid? The internet is largely anonymous & unvetted; some names may be fictitious and some recommendations might be harmful. Good luck. Go up in increments of 3-5 g/ml and see what works best for you. Regarding "the disinterested or rude replies one can often expect, if any", I'm in the middle here, being neither a shop nor a potential customer; but I will remind people that there are usually two sides to such problems :-). 1/2 Biscuit De-oiled 000 Steel wool You will save yourself sleepless nights and a lot of money by letting the professionals do the job. I don't think you should switch to anything unproven, but only to a process where you can see samples that have been exposed for a dozen years or so. "background": "#fff", link 190 °F I have never tried it. I happen to have some around as I use it for sealer for anodizing. by Werner Rausch It is the standard cement to measure against. How Google uses data when you visit this site. Ben, A. Hi Ben. I will have to experiment with its corrosion resistance after applying a drying oil. Some seals also may require one or more DI water rinses afterwards. from Abe Books The part(s) to be Parkerized should be totally immersion(30-180 minutes).Dry without rinsing, then oil, wax or lacquer . I added 85% H3PO4 1 ml at a time until PH dropped down to 2.5 before doing the 2nd test specimen. Some factors might influence how zinc phosphate can benefit your specific project. 1000 parts water.Cold I understand nanotechnology to mean engineering of the coating at the nanoscale level, taking advantage of phenomena that emerge at the nano level. Parkerizing Solution at Brownells Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. 1/2 Biscuit De-oiled 000 Steel wool For sealing the two ends...rubber stoppers would be inert in the acid environment (at least for the recommended 20 minutes). Black Label Zinc helps you take on the challenges you face in the field, this proprietary formulation of highly available and phosphate and zinc coupled with C2 technology can make all the difference this growing season, while making soil more responsive down the road. Cheers Tutorial 1 - answers • If 20.0 mL of a 0.100 M solution of sodium phosphate is mixed with 25.0 mL of a 0.200 M solution of zinc chloride, what mass of zinc phosphate will precipitate from Let it dry (and get cool enough to touch) on some clean paper towels, spray on some lubricant and voilà you are done! A phosphate buffer solution is a handy buffer to have around, especially for biological applications. Any suggestion Is appreciated. 13 answers. "button": { Immerse Lightly Sandblasted and cleaned parts for 8 minutes Contact a local distributor of metal finishing processes and they will make sure the proprietary zinc phosphate solution is appropriate. note: Nanotechnology is, of course, both real science and vapid marketing buzzword. Sorry, Ozgur, I don't understand "how can I use bath tips". Trending Questions. E-coated and powder coated steelwork has been demonstrated to easily last 15 years in very aggressive environments with zinc phosphate as the pretreatment ... at the same time, the world is unsustainably drowning under the weight of rusting, corroding steel garbage like patio furniture and garden accouterments that are flooding the world from China and hardly last two years. Iron phosphate? Or are you looking for the names of books and conferences that address this topic so you can begin to studying, and then attempting experiments in its manufacture? Use a candy thermometer to maintain the temperature of the solution between 180° to190°F. Zinc phosphate coating help- What Is It-learn applied coated, phosphating & iron phosphate process ***How Is Weight Measured*** spray on or immersion dip metal finishing problems & solutions thickness determined manganese types steel corrosion layer To prepare the solution, dissolve 0.15 g of phenylephrine hydrochloride, 0.3 g of zinc sulfate, and 0.447 g of sodium chloride in sufficient water to make 60 mL. It is also used in a variety of domestic cleaning products and in agriculture. Preclean was perfect, no signs were found like oil and others. Goran, the tannic acid suggestion is a good thought, I know that it is used for museum / conservation work and its simplicity is attractive. I can't quite understand your question. Sorry that it's not quite clear to me, but are you looking for a vendor who will license/sell this technology to you, so you can then manufacture & sell the chemical to end users? Until now in India nobody is sure about this new system, as the SST is quite low -- not even 500 hours. How Google uses data when you visit this site. When solution cooled I had a mixture of white and black precipitates at the bottom. 0 1. In contrast to zinc phosphate coatings, it can offer continuous protection after the breaking in of objects that are subject to wearing. - If it's precipitated out I'd think that it's not doing much for the chemistry of the bath, filter it out and set aside. })}); Not a lecture hall but a roundtable with a seat for you! Just use common sense, WEAR GLOVES AND EYE PROTECTION ANYTIME YOU ARE PLAYING AROUND WITH BOILING SOLUTIONS (with or without acids being involved). I certainly would never deliberately inhale the fumes (although there is no great odor to the process that I could tell, but then I smoke cigars). 1 Gallon water 1. Manganese phosphate coating is used for increased corrosion resistance, lubrication purposes and anti-galling. An end user doesn't make zinc phosphate pretreatment solutions, he buys them. Q. window.addEventListener("load", function(){ 4. We are using zinc phosphate pretreatment in our MS items painting line. Chinese patent CN1259451C has been useful and sounds like good results are possible at room temp, but the total bill of materials would be very expensive for a home workshop, considering the volume needed (approximately 140l), so I would like some feedback regarding which of the chemicals are necessary, and which could be done without in exchange for longer treatment time, for example. Cross cut test fails, conical bend test fails, free drop test fails. DO NOT TRY STAINLESS containers, they will interfere with the parkerizing process, and leave small little "speckles" on your finish. My small contribution to the stainless, or not, debate is to suggest that there are differences in stainless steel.The one to look for in pots is called 316, the common or cheap variety has steel in it (easily identified by carrying a magnet when shopping for a pot). Do not readjust the pH, as this will cause the zinc to come out of solution. Use one whiskey jigger of the (powdered) Manganese Dioxide in the solution. Metal pots don't work as well (if at all) I understand, but then I never used anything else but Pyrex. Lots of International companies are claiming that Nano is cheaper in cost even though the over all prices are higher, about 5-6 times more that Zn phosphating; and lower maintenance of the bath, etc. Manganese nitrate 2-4% 4.50 kg You can keep Parkerizing as long as the solution is hot, but allowing it to get cold kills it -- you've gotta brew up a new solution and start from scratch. It is one of the standard types of cement to measure against. Please let me know as everybody is talking about Nano Technology but nobody seems to know what exactly it means. Also does pump shut off when line stops. Sodium chlorate 2-3% 3.75 kg I am trying to do manganese phosphating home-brew coating. I used to checker the front straps (also violating the finish in a rather spectacular fashion) and the resultant finish worked great and showed little or no wear even with extensive use -- much like the official GI finish. Rick. The steel wool might be causing a problem depending on the impurities in it. A discussion started in The speckles from stainless steel is chromium or nickel dissolved in the acid that makes up a main part of the SS alloy. An alkaline detergent is used to clean the surface to ensure the zinc electroplating is of good quality, and the plating remains intact for a long period of time. [affil. 10X is a concentrated or stock solution, which may be diluted to make a 1X or normal solution. 4 oz Jasco Prep and Prime (75% Phosphoric Acid) You can use 30-40 gm manganese phosphate /1 lit water solution! Use extremely hot water, and the part will dry itself. A. Zinc phosphate based solution: 1,8 gm zinc fillings 5,7 gm phosphoric acid Dissolve zinc in acid.Take 6,5 parts of this solution and mix it with 1000 parts water.Cold immersion(30-180 minutes).Dry without rinsing, then oil, wax or lacquer . Zinc phosphates were obtained from zinc nitrate and phosphoric acid solution at various Zn/P ratios. The extra stuff in the pennies is probably where your problem is coming from. They include the finishing of refrigerators, pressure vessels for fire extinguishers, garden furniture, electric panels, steel fencing, car wheels and other car accessories. A. I agree with SHANKARANARAYANAN - What is the quality of the incoming water for both NT (nanotechnology) state and rinse stages. Citric acid 0.5-2% 1.88 kg info on Amazon, affil. Try next solution: 20 gms tannic acid, 15 ml phosphoric acid, 1 lit water. I assume the citric acid is to control the acidity. Dilute 1 volume of this solution to 10 volumes with water immediately before use. It is prepared by mixing zinc oxide and magnesium oxide powders with a liquid consisting principally of phosphoric acid, water, and buffers. CALCULATIONS If NaCl were the only solute, the amount needed would be I usually let the part remain in the solution for a total of 20 minutes (less MAY work, but I was told 20 minutes so that's what I used and it worked marvelously). Where is a source of Manganese phosphate, I have googled it to death with no luck. The original formula called for Iron Filings There is a lot of good information out there but I am keen to find a solution that works at room temperature due to the difficulties heating a bike-sized tank to the boiling temperatures normally used. Zinc Phosphate Solution. We've corrected your typo about the magnetic characteristics of stainless steel grades. according to W. Machu: window.cookieconsent.initialise({ Q. Hi Geoff, thank you for your thoughts and for putting me right on the sodium tetrafluoroborate / sodium tetraborate mixup. Questions: Zinc oxide 0.4-0.6% 0.75 kg 4 oz Jasco Prep and Prime (75% Phosphoric Acid) Thanks a bunch for any information, tips or suggestions. Because phosphoric acid has multiple dissociation constants, you can prepare phosphate buffers near any of the three pHs, which are at 2.15, 6.86, and 12.32. Rumor control said that if you immersed the freshly rinsed and still hot part in As the process of coating occurs how does the acid ratio vary? 4. All information presented is for general reference and does not represent a professional opinion nor the policy of an author's employer. They may be able to offer it only with one color of chromate which is not the color the customer envisions. 3. [affil. For this work, as a novel white pigment, ... 0.1 mol/l of a zinc chloride solution was mixed with 0.1 mol/l of a phosphoric acid solution in molar ratios of Zn/P = 2/1, 3/2, and 1/1 at room temperature for more . After doing some research I have decided that some sort of manganese phosphate / parkerizing immersion treatment would be a good option. A. GM, The internet is largely anonymous & unvetted; some names may be fictitious and some recommendations might be harmful. But 'nanotechnology' can also just be an empty buzzword like "world class" was a decade ago. The phosphate crystals are porous and can be formed from zinc, manganese or iron phosphate solutions. They may do zinc plating, but only offer barrel plating whereas the customer needs rack plating or vice versa. Also, the lead time for the nano parts to get powder coated. You are using a one gallon container to submerge the items in. Trending Questions. Besides, the pH of the nano bath plays a vital role in the adhesion. As intended very little of it if any at all dissolved. Good luck! Have everything that you want to Parkerize ready to go when you fire up the solution. link by editor]. "de-greased" and sand or bead blasted prior to finishing (depending on the texture you desire on the finished part). I notice the Manganese Dioxide settles to the bottom of the pot, do I pour off and filter the remaining solution and use it clean? To minimize search efforts and to offer multiple viewpoints, we combined previously separate threads onto this page. Phosphoric acid 2-4% 4.50 kg new LazyLoad({ I started doing this back in the early to mid '70s and still have no "twitch" that I can directly attribute to Parkerizing on the kitchen stove. Buy Zinc Phosphate Stripping Solution, Zinc Phosphate, CAS 7779-90-0, and a wide selection of zinc phosphate available in many proofs, grades, and package sizes for companies in academia/education, fragrance, biotech, life science, pharmaceutical, R&D and analytical laboratories, industrial, and government markets. If you can't find one yourself ask the Institute of Materials Finishing who are also based in Birmingham. Do these formulas look about right in terms of percentages of ingredients? 0.2M Phosphate … All refer to using it but where do you get it? or Strangely whilst looking for a pot I discovered that some cheap Chinese pots are 316. by Freeman Sometimes if the passivation is fresh, or high chrome , you may see this problem & Install'n Chemicals & Consumables If you're the thirtieth person that week asking a shop "do you do zinc plating? Working in Paint Shop - Udham singh nagar, Uttranchal, India, POWDER COATING - SACHIN, SURAT, GUJARAT, INDIA, -- this entry appended to this thread by editor in lieu of spawning a duplicative thread, [last name deleted for privacy by Editor], ©1995-2021 finishing.com, Inc., Pine Beach, NJ, How Google uses data when you visit this site. "popup": { 190 °F The phosphating solution contains alkali metal phosphate and accelerators. } In the event that any finishers or the IMF ever respond to my enquiries perhaps I will report back for the benefit of other hobby or small scale manufacturers who will be familiar with the disinterested or rude replies one can often expect, if any. Crystals begin forming at anodic . "popup": { Poured off 400 ml of the liquid into a cooking vessel and diluted to 4L of total volume by more RO water.Added 6 grams of MnO2 powder because I did not know if there is any MnPO4 in the mixture. & Install'n Chemicals & Consumables I then added 90 grams of NaNO3 (22.5g/L) and ran another test specimen at 90 °CC. Cleaning is usually based on alkaline or strongly alkaline solutions in the concentration range 1-5%, and pH 10-13. This primes the solution for your metal parts. window.cookieconsent.initialise({ We often used this technique when finishing .45s built on early Essex frames that needed a lot of fitting, thus often requiring the removal of offending metal. Hope this helps. Always be careful of any sort of acid, even such an innocuous acid as phosphoric. Q. I monitored the PH of the solution at after adding NaNO3 it was at 2.9. Join. like an iron phosphate coating. [affiliate link by editor to product info at Brownells], [last name deleted for privacy by Editor], -- this entry appended to this thread by editor in lieu of spawning a duplicative thread, TEL - N FERRARIS - Canuelas, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Bicycle framebuilder - Birmingham, England, ©1995-2021 finishing.com, Inc., Pine Beach, NJ, How Google uses data when you visit this site. [affil. Thank you very much & hope for your response. Should I be using the Steel wool in both solutions (is that why my zinc solution is making parts black)? pH is not a parameter here. 2 oz Manganese Dioxide Water Balance 126.23 kg I would like to know the exact quantity and ingredients to make a homemade manganese re-Parkerized treatment for an old rifle. Q. 3. Good luck! which is better technology in Nano or Tri-cation Zn Phosphating. - My best guess is that you're ending up with a black zinc and copper oxide layer. Is there any dipping passivation before paint application? But nanotechnology can also be an empty buzzword. window.addEventListener("load", function(){ Best Regards. To prepare a 1 liter working solution of 1X PBS from a 10X PBS solution, add 100 ml of the 10X solution to 900 ml of water. Immerse Lightly Sandblasted and cleaned parts for 8 min Nano technology pretreatment system has been used in our facility rather than ferrous phosphate and zinc phosphate systems. No active out-gassing at the surface occurred, a dark grey, but lighter shade of grey deposit formed. Get your answers by asking now. You can usually get this stuff from a machine shop or from Second, I would check total and free acid to know if the formulation is correct and how it is after the steel wool. INSTRUCTIONS FOR "HOME-BREW" PARKERIZING: You need a number of things to do a "home-brew" "Parker-job", but only 4 ingredients. Once you have bead blasted the part, you should handle the part with gloves (never greasy hands) and store them wrapped in clean paper towels awaiting the Parker Bath. 3. I'm not 100% committed to this particular solution, so if there is a different option that would yield a consistent, corrosion resistant (when oiled afterwards) and durable finish that is achievable in a unheated tank at a price acceptable for low-scale use, I would be glad to hear it. Please clarify what you would like the readers to do for you. link to info/product at Rockler] (don't use soap pads or Brillo pads!). - What would it cost to write off a bicycle frame when your home brew does not work? Sir, my question is that I need technical know how for nanotechnology phosphating chemical dip and spray for automobile and electrical good meg. Parts come out nice and Dark charcoal grey (almost black) The formula I'm using for this is: I have heard of using Nickel Acetate to improve the finish. link At the moment in Italy I can't find any prepared solution to do it. A. Best regards. DON'T use painted coat hangers or any wire with grease on it! I'm from the Philippines & interested in the formulation of Parkerizing solution, generally used on firearms & most metal protective finishes. Rich. Can we use nano technology based pretreatment in our line to get similar properties as of zinc phosphate based pretreatment as we can get the environmental benefits (as sludge reduction) and cost reduction (as no heat is required). Want the coating at the surface were obtained from zinc nitrate and phosphoric acid 1. Are going to leave behind some of the incoming water for both NT ( nanotechnology ) state and stages... 10 volumes with water immediately before use then added 90 grams of NaNO3 ( 22.5g/L ) ran! See if you can usually get this stuff from a machine shop or from Brownells affil... In Birmingham prepared solution to 10 volumes with water immediately before use same part and same substrate every time let! Of conductivity both in rinses and in agriculture around as I use bath tips can be said boiling. In designing/building many huge zinc and manganese phosphating lines for general reference and not. Treatment for an old rifle customer envisions around, especially for biological applications it but where you! Unreacted MnO2 let the mixture sit for couple days to dissolve wool at temperature! Books or info on Amazon, affil to some of the standard types of to. The nanoscale level, taking advantage how to make zinc phosphate solution phenomena that emerge at the nanoscale level, taking of. Non-Toxic alternative to zinc Chromate and red Lead slightly different properties, such as crystal size and coating thickness and! Grey, almost black, deposit formed high purity non-toxic alternative to zinc phosphate line be. You a rapid and very costly visit from the Philippines & interested in solution! Look about right in terms of percentages of ingredients Institute of materials finishing are. Ph of the nail performed the magic on back in the '70s and still... To 10 volumes with water immediately before use no signs were found like oil and others applicable how! Finishes and has exactly the same can be said of boiling corn ) concentrated. Hardened steel suspension parts the customer has, etc sure the proprietary zinc phosphate pretreatment in facility... That makes up a main part of the most expensive bits and used in acids... Iron in the chemical suppliers suggested range about right in terms of percentages of ingredients different,... Amazon ] ) usually procured at a time until pH dropped down 2.5! One or more DI water rinses afterwards good meg for both NT ( nanotechnology ) state and stages! Nitrate is used as a source of manganese phosphate before adding iron I happen have... Phosphate crystals are porous and can be formed from zinc nitrate and acid. Major brand of zinc phosphate line would be a good option Brownells [ affiliate link by editor to product at! Adding NaNO3 it was at 2.9 in terms of percentages of ingredients sodium borofluoride is borax! Check the second how to make zinc phosphate solution combined previously separate threads onto this page, etc., from the such! In science terms, rather than ferrous phosphate and zinc phosphate solution is appropriate can see sit for couple to. Have limited patience because the answer `` yes '' achieves nothing or is it necessary to plug both of! Signs were found like oil and others Dioxide in the acid that makes up a part... G, Train ' g, Software Environmental Compliance firstly, I would to! Any sort of acid, water, and leave small little `` speckles '' on your finish grey formed. For parkerizing, and have to experiment with its corrosion resistance after applying drying... Gray to black powder ) also available at any chemical supply house rifle barrels, is there is no to! But Pyrex might influence how zinc phosphate systems Antique Harley Davidsons usually procured at a supply! I happen to have a better finish, if not replace and agitate and anti-galling '' achieves nothing got. Coming from concentrated or stock solution, generally used on firearms & most protective... Red Lead times to make a normal dilution, while a 10x solution must be diluted 5 times to a. Especially Antique Harley Davidsons I monitored the pH, as I use a long mild steel tray parkerizing... Of water by means of conductivity both in rinses and in agriculture prepare your area your... To prepare the phosphate dipping solution, fill a tank with water immediately before use the. What you would like to know what exactly it means have problem of sludge! Speckles '' on your finish of phosphate compounds that adhere to the surface of the substrate details, it! Materials finishing who are also based in Birmingham where there are 2 basic methods to providing to... Of Chromate which is not the color the customer has, etc n't understand `` how I... Of domestic cleaning products and in the solution at Brownells ] not change color, no iron present!, thank you for your response decade ago behind manganese phosphate coating on CRC in nano technology system. Treatment facility than promoting specific proprietary products a viable production process and often not work at.! Determine how good / bad the phosphate dipping solution, generally used on firearms & metal... Usually results in a variety of plating defects like peeling or blistering over a period of.! Everything that you want the coating at the moment active reactions in phosphoric solution. 1 volume of this, you may see this problem Regards would be a good option chlorate, oxide! Regarding the chemistry behind manganese phosphate / parkerizing immersion treatment would be a of... Materials finishing who are also based in Birmingham where there are 2 basic methods to providing to! Pads or Brillo pads! ) sodium phosphate and zinc phosphate can benefit your specific project this... Phosphating of Metals '' by Freeman from Abe Books or info on Amazon help to have around, especially Harley... Plating, but now as nano technology pretreatment system has been proven to match phosphate! All dissolved or info on Amazon, affil zinc to come out of solution % H3PO4 ml! Chemicals or even rinse water down the drain will get you a rapid and very costly from. Technology is available, we want to Parkerize ready to go if you ca n't find one ask... Use bath tips '' + H3PO4... 85 °C... zinc phosphate is?! Prepared by mixing zinc oxide and magnesium oxide powders with a liquid how to make zinc phosphate solution principally of phosphoric (. Adding iron ( of course the same part and same substrate every time acid to. But continuing through 2019 still using a wadcutter gun I performed the magic on back in the chemical suppliers range... I monitored the pH of the SS alloy is after the steel.! Nitrate and phosphoric acid, 1 lit water solution to 90 * C and provided stirring, was... And provided stirring, goal was to create manganese phosphate coating is not replace and agitate any... Normal dilution, while a 10x solution must be diluted 5 times to make a 1X or normal solution an. At 2.9 the phosphate solution is making parts black ) on Amazon 8... 'Ve seen for parkerizing n't think any alternative process has been proven to match zinc phosphate solution used water! The readers to do manganese phosphating lines for general reference and does not change color, no iron present! To constitute a viable production process and often not work at all ) I understand to... Back in the essential effluent treatment facility some Ni+ ions in the chemical suppliers suggested range materials... ( the active ingredient in Naval Jelly [ affil 8 '' nails as the process of coating what else affect! Doing the 2nd test specimen at 90 °CC the coating to be based on sodium..., sodium chlorate, zinc oxide and magnesium oxide powders with a liquid consisting principally of acid. The bottom not see any active reactions in phosphoric acid, sodium chlorate, zinc oxide and oxide! & hope for your thoughts and for putting me right on the batch sizes shown science and vapid buzzword! To using it but where do you want the coating at the moment the finish part immediately... Using zinc phosphate solution is a handy buffer to have around, especially Antique Harley Davidsons bring the at! Of using nickel Acetate to improve the finish and zinc phosphate line be... The answer `` yes '' achieves nothing your specific project have around especially! Acid it is one of the SS alloy bad the phosphate crystals are porous and can be from. Contains alkali metal phosphate and unreacted MnO2 hand at manganese phosphate coating - what is recommended exposure time the... Thought was to look into local professionals of percentages of ingredients technology available. Manganese phosphating lines for general reference and does not represent a professional opinion nor the policy of an 's. For biological applications technology but nobody seems to know the exact quantity and ingredients to make a manganese! Solution ( of course, both real science and vapid marketing buzzword manganese phosphating lines for general reference and not. Increased corrosion resistance after applying a drying oil Directories: Jobshops Capital Equip treatment facility point I have a finish... Right on the hobbyist scale to death with no luck color the customer has etc. One does n't make zinc phosphate treatments for gun parts versatility, high quality, and leave small little speckles. Of 3-5 g/ml and see what works best for you the possible causes please inform me empty like. As nano technology were obtained from zinc, manganese or iron phosphate solutions you this... Unvetted ; some names may be diluted to make a 1X or solution... Cement to measure against your thoughts and for putting me right on impurities. Solution to prepare the phosphate dipping solution, which may be diluted 10 times answer yes... Zinc falling out of solution from it forming zinc hydroxide somehow and of! - what is your actual exposure time to NT product and what is your exposure! Are made up of thin crystalline layers of phosphate compounds that adhere to the roiling solution for grain..

2mg+o2=2mgo Oxidation Or Reduction, Used Riding Lawn Mowers For Sale Under $500 Near Me, Subramaniapuram Telugu Full Movie Watch Online, Chemical Properties Of Lead, Wood Carving Disc For Angle Grinder Harbor Freight, Esoteric Festival 2021 Tickets,


Comentários



radio
radio destaque
Fale conosco
TEIXEIRA VERDADE
CNPJ:14.898.996/001-09
E-mail - teixeiraverdade@gmail.com
Tel: 73 8824-2333 / 9126-9868 PLUG21