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They are carnivores living on a diet of squid, fish, rays, penguins, and some small species of sharks. Southern elephant seal Diving Abilities. They spend 90% of the time in the water and dive deep into the sea to hunt for food. As the largest seals in the world, there are two species of elephant seals; the northern ones around Mexico and Canada, and the southern elephant seals occupying the coasts of South Africa, New Zealand, and Argentina. This is known as catastrophic molt. In September, a seal was found shot to death on this beach. The northern elephant seal is yellowish or gray-brown, and the southern is blue-gray. These impressive mammals hunt in the ocean, and they can spend up to two hours underwater without resurfacing. The main sources of food are fish and squid. These impressive mammals hunt in the ocean, and they can spend up to two hours underwater without resurfacing. of water in less than five minutes. Elephant Seal Food, Hunting and Migration. A threat is when a male raises up on his front flippers. Elephants require about 68.4 to 98.8 L (18 to 26 gal.) The female elephant seals and the male elephant seals have different … They eat about 40 pounds of food a day. mental stage and health rather than by extrinsic factors such as diet or habitat. Elephant seals, weighing up to 2000 kilograms, are not only the largest seals but among the most impressive of all marine mammals. Bulls migrate father north near the Aleutians, where the dive to top of sea mounts and feed on a variety of … The numbers have recovered since. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. The elephant seal milk has over 50% of fat as opposed to 4% in human milk. The tusks are used to churn the ground. The female often changes route when chasing prey. The southern elephant seal’s diet consists of squid, fish (including cod icefish and lantern fish), krill, crustaceans and sea squirts. They are much larger than females, and roar during the mating season by using their trunk. To supplement the diet, elephants will dig up earth to obtain salt and minerals. The average lifespan of a northern elephant seal is nine years while an elephant seal living in the Antarctic region can live from 20 to 22 years. The northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris) and the southern elephant seal (M. leonina) are the largest pinnipeds (Ling and Bryden, 1981;McGinnis and Schusterman, 1981).The most striking characteristic of both species is the pronounced sexual dimorphism, with males weighing 8–10 times more than females.Male southern elephant seals have been recorded to weigh 3700 kg, … What’s The Aurora Borealis And Where Can You See It? To find food, these mammals migrate and often spend months at sea, diving at great depths. While on land, they prefer … The adult male, “the elephant of the sea,” has a large flexible snout that looks like an elephant’s trunk. This is followed by vocalizing into the proboscis. The seals have been known to eat bottom dwelling fish from the ocean’s darkest depths. The elephant seals spend the majority of their lives in the ocean, and about 20% on land. The male elephant seal is more consistent with his hunting routine. They search for their food with their whiskers, which vibrate and with their eyesight. How does an elephant seal obtain its food? In the middle of February, the sea lions receive the second visit of their most feared predators – the killer whales. Elephant seal pup Elephant seals feed on squid and fish. After breeding or moulting, southern elephant seals migrate south to Antarctica to feed on squid and fish at the edge of the sea-ice. They return t… Northern elephant seals (M. angustirostris) are found in coastal waters around Canada and Mexico, while southern elephant seals (M. leonina) are found off the coast of New Zealand, South Africa, and Argentina. Their favorite snacks are squid, fish, rays, skates, eels, crustaceans such as shrimps, prawns, crabs, and krill. Subordinate males will immediately lie down and thus a hierarchy is established. Males of both species attain a length of approximately 6.5 metres (21 feet) and a weight of about 3,530 kg (7,780 pounds) and are much larger than the females, which grow to 3.5 metres and weigh 900 kg. Elephant seals presumably feed in deep water and eat squid, and fish, including small sharks and rays. Foraging areas … They search for their food with their whiskers, which vibrate and with their eyesight. Well, they are elephant seals, and they are quite spectacular. 5. Postweaned northern elephant seal pups of known age (within 2–3 days of weaning) from Año Nuevo State Reserve (30 km north of Santa Cruz, CA, USA) were sampled at two periods: early (2–3 weeks postweaning; N=10, 5 males, 5 females) and late (7–8 weeks postweaning; N=9, 5 males, 4 females). 2005, among others). 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